Ep. 011 – Harappa and the Erythraean Sea

In today's episode we shift our focus east and look at the earliest identifiable civilization on the Indian subcontinent. The Harappan people were known to have had contacts with Egypt and Mesopotamia thanks to Harappan artifacts that have been discovered in those places. Sadly, there is very little evidence of maritime activity on the part of the Harappans, even though we know they were active to some extent.

We'll also look at the characteristics of the Erythraean Sea (Arabian Sea) and see how the monsoons helped connect the civilizations of the near east in antiquity. Other items include the so-called 'dockyard' at Lothal and a few boat depictions from the ancient Harappans.

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  • McGrail, Seán, Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times (2009).
  • The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Ancient History Sourcebook. [link]

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