In today's episode we shift our focus east and look at the earliest identifiable civilization on the Indian subcontinent. The Harappan people were known to have had contacts with Egypt and Mesopotamia thanks to Harappan artifacts that have been discovered in those places. Sadly, there is very little evidence of maritime activity on the part of the Harappans, even though we know they were active to some extent.
We'll also look at the characteristics of the Erythraean Sea (Arabian Sea) and see how the monsoons helped connect the civilizations of the near east in antiquity. Other items include the so-called 'dockyard' at Lothal and a few boat depictions from the ancient Harappans.
Support the Podcast
Did you enjoy this episode? If so, please consider donating a small amount via our Patreon page or taking a moment to leave a review on iTunes and sharing the podcast with your friends. Each one makes a world of difference. Thanks!
- Fagan, Brian, Beyond the Blue Horizon: How the Earliest Mariners Unlocked the Secrets of the Ocean (2012).
- Kramer, Samuel Noah, The Indus Civilization, and Dilmun, the Sumerian Paradise Land, Expedition (Spring, 1964).
- Law, Randall, Moving Mountains: The Trade and Transport of Rocks and Minerals Within the Greater Indus Valley Region, pp. 301–313, in Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology (2006).
- Leshnik, Lawrence S., The Harappan 'Port' at Lothal: Another View, American Anthropologist, Vol. 70, pp. 911–922 (1968).
- McGrail, Seán, Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times (2009).
- McIntosh, Jane, The Ancient Indus Valley: New Perspectives (2008).
- Paine, Lincoln, The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World (2013).
- The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Ancient History Sourcebook. [link]
- Rao, S.R., Shipping and Maritime Trade of the Indus People, Expedition (Spring 1965).
- Tripathi, Alok, Antiquity of Sailing Ships from the Indian Ocean: Evidence from ancient Indian art, ZIFF Journal, No. 3, pp. 25–24 (2006).
- Tripati, Sila, et al., Marine Archaeology in India, Vol. 29, Man and Environment, pp. 28–41 (2004).