In today's episode we're going to look at the evidence of heavy-transport shipping throughout Egypt's history. Their many monumental building projects required the transportation of staggering amounts of material, and there is evidence from Pliny the Elder and Herodotus that much of this transport was accomplished by shipping up and down the Nile. We'll look at the various theories for how objects weighing hundreds of tons were loaded and shipped on the Nile, and we'll see a few depictions of such ships from the pyramid of Unas and the temple of Hatshepsut.
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- Ancient Egypt: River Shipping. [link]
- Breasted, James Henry, Ancient Records of Egypt: The eighteenth dynasty (1906).
- Herodotus, The Histories, (Macaulay's English translation, republished 2004).
- Hocker, Frederick M., & Cheryl A. Ward, The Philosophy of Shipbuilding: Conceptual Approaches to the Study of Wooden Ships (2004).
- Löhner, Franz, Stone quarries in ancient Egypt. [link]
- Löhner, Franz, Transporting stone blocks down the Nile. [link]
- McGrail, Seán, Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times (2009).
- Paine, Lincoln, The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World (2013).
- Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, (Bostock's English translation, 1855).
- Wilkinson, Toby, The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt (2010).