Ep. 009 – The New Kingdom: Maritime War and Maritime Peace

Thanks for tuning in to Episode 009 - The New Kingdom: Maritime War and Maritime Peace. The 'war' part refers to the first several pharaohs of the New Kingdom, kings who retook Egypt from the Hyksos. Specifically, we'll look at the pharaoh Kamose' retaking of the city of Avaris, partially accomplished by amphibious assault from the Nile. We'll also see the exploits of Thutmose III, but the 'peace' part refers to Queen Hatshepsut, a woman pharaoh who ruled concurrently with Thutmose III. Hatshepsut focused on reestablishing foreign trade, and one of Egypt's most well-known temple reliefs gives us a marvelous look at a voyage to Punt that was organized by Egypt's greatest female pharaoh. Other items from today's episode include a look at Min of the Desert, a full-scale reconstruction based on the Hatshepsut 'Punt' ship depictions, along with boat models from the tomb of Tutankhamun.


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Sources

  • McGrail, Seán, Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times (2009).
  • The Kamose Inscriptions. [link]
  • The Model Boats of Tutankhamen. [link]
  • The Second Stela of Kamose. [link] [link]
  • The Viceroy's Boat, Tomb of Huy, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [link]
  • Thutmose III: The Napata Stela. [link]
  • Victory stele of Thutmose III, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. [link]
  • Where is Punt? and The Expedition to Punt, NOVA. [link] [link]

  2 comments for “Ep. 009 – The New Kingdom: Maritime War and Maritime Peace

  1. August 21, 2016 at 10:51 am

    Great episode. But while there are quite few images of the ships of the 17th and 18th dynasties around, I have been unable to find images of actual Hyksos ships. Do you have links to any and/or maps of the regions they might have covered?

    • Brandon Huebner
      August 29, 2016 at 8:29 pm

      Hey Lewis, thanks for listening and for the comment! The issue of the Hyksos and their origin/influence is a sticky one, to be sure. There’s a lot of debate still, and barring the uncovering of new evidence I don’t know that we’ll ever know for sure who they were or where precisely they came from.

      Still, there aren’t any Hyksos specific ship depictions that I’m aware of. If you subscribe to the theory that they may have come from the Levant then many of the depictions related to Syro-Canaanite ships may then be tied back to the Hyksos or to one of their closely-related Semitic peoples. But, that is only if you subscribe to such an origin theory. They do seem to be mentioned largely in relation to chariots and land-bound herdsmen and nomads, so they may not have had any large connection to sea-faring.

      As for a map of the areas they held under subjection, this may be of use.

      Hyksos map

      They were largely influential in Lower Egypt (which, rather unintuitively, is the north of the region), so around the Nile Delta and Avaris in particular. Please forgive the inexactitude of this map, it is the closest thing I could find to what you had asked about. I assume that the southern-most locale is supposed to be Memphis, the extremely of Hyksos control.

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